There are many ways to prevent HIV.
- Being tested for HIV means that, if you are HIV-positive, you can receive treatment so that you can live a long and healthy life. It also means that there is zero risk of transmitting the virus to your sexual partner.
- Protect yourself against STI’s, including HIV, by using a condomduring sex. Condoms will also help prevent you passing on HIV. Before deciding to stop using condoms, you and your partner should be tested for STI’s and HIV.
- People living with HIV who are on treatment with an undetectable viral load cannot transmit the virus to a sexual partner.
- PrEP involves taking medication as a way of preventing HIV infection. It is important that someone choosing to take PrEP has a confirmed HIV-negative test.
A person can only be infected with HIV by coming into direct contact with certain body fluids, such as semen and pre-seminal fluids, vaginal fluids, rectal fluids, breast milk and blood.
The most common way HIV is transmitted usually during vaginal and anal sex. So, the only 100% certain way to avoid HIV is to not have vaginal or anal sex. But that is not a realistic option, as most people do have sex at some point in their lives. Learning about HIV prevention and knowing how to have safer sex is important.
Some sexual activities are safer than others when it comes to being infected with HIV.
No risk sexual activities:
- Having oral sex with a condom or dental dam
- Touching your partner’s genitals
- Mutual masturbation
- Using clean sex toys
- Dry humping